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Breakout from Normandy: Patton vs von Kluge | Clash of Warriors (9 of 17) - HDMaza.pw

2018-04-16 24 2 3,434

By spurious radio transmissions, the Allies created an entire phantom army, “based” in southeast England (opposite Pas-de-Calais) and alleged to be commanded by the American general George S. Patton. (Patton would later materialize on the Normandy battlefield to lead the armoured breakout into Brittany.) In addition, on the night of the invasion itself, airborne radar deception presented to German radar stations a “phantom” picture of an invasion fleet crossing the Channel narrows, while a radar blackout disguised the real transit to Normandy. Breakout, August 1944 Operation Cobra By July 25, with most of the German tanks drawn westward by the British Goodwood offensive, the Americans faced a front almost denuded of armour. Reinforcement gave them a clear superiority in tank and infantry divisions, while the Allied Expeditionary Force had the bombardment power to devastate the Germans in their path. Operation Cobra, scheduled for July 25, opened with a devastating air attack (some of which fell on the waiting GIs). Through the gap thus opened, the U.S. First Army sped toward Avranches, taken on July 30. At this point George S. Patton’s newly formed Third Army joined in the advance. A massive American spearhead now threatened to drive into Brittany and, by a left turn, to encircle the Germans in Normandy from the rear. The German counterattack and the Falaise pocket Hitler saw the breakout as an opportunity to restore the front. Bringing the 2nd, 116th, and 1st and 2nd Panzer SS divisions hastily westward, he issued orders for Operation Lüttich, designed to drive behind the point of the American spearhead and reach the sea at Avranches. However, Ultra interceptions of German cipher traffic alerted the Americans to the danger, and, when Lüttich opened on August 7, heavy antitank defenses were in place. The offensive was stopped and defeated in its tracks. Meanwhile, as the American encirclement eastward from Brittany developed, the British and Americans began a strong advance west of Caen toward Falaise. On August 16, the day after a Franco-American force had landed on the Riviera (Operation Dragoon), Hitler at last recognized the inevitable and gave permission for a withdrawal from Normandy. The only route of escape lay through a gap between the converging American and British spearheads at Falaise. The position was held by the recently arrived Polish 1st Armoured Division. Despite its heroic efforts, the remnants of the German Seventh Army and Fifth Panzer Army—the latter now led by one of Hitler’s top tank commanders, Josef (“Sepp”) Dietrich—succeeded in breaking through between August 16 and 19. Some 240,000 men, bereft of equipment, eventually reached the Seine River. They left behind in Normandy some 50,000 dead and 200,000 taken prisoner. Crossing the Seine By 1944 the Germans, after two years of withdrawals in Russia, were expert at organizing retreats. They showed their expertise in the Seine River crossings. Though all bridges had been destroyed by Allied air attack, they improvised pontoons and ferries and conducted skillful rearguard actions to hold off the Anglo-American advance between August 19 and 31, when all survivors were rescued. By then the Allies commanded the west bank of the Seine from the sea to Fontainebleau, while their spearheads were on the Meuse River, 186 miles (299 km) farther on. The architect of the German withdrawal was Field Marshal Walther Model, the “Führer’s fireman,” a veteran of the Eastern Front who had succeeded Kluge on August 17. Liberation of Paris As Model drew the retreating Germans back across northern France at breakneck speed into Belgium, Resistance forces in Paris rose against what remained of... https://www.britannica.com/event/Normandy-Invasion



Tags: clash of warriors    patton    von kluge    breakout from normandy    documentary    history    liberation from paris    fake army    tactics    nazis    hitler    eisenhower    operation cobra    
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